After the New York World Building, the next highest building in the world was in, of all places, Milwaukee Wisconsin. However, their city hall was the tallest building only for a few years until this building, built in 1899 and photographed in 1912, the Park Row Building. Right up the road from the World Building, it was 390 feet high, and stood as the tallest building in the world until 1901, and the tallest office building in the world until 1908.
This photo, taken from New York Harbor between 1899 and 1901, shows the Park Row Building (center) towering over the previous tallest skyscraper in the world, the New York World Building (the dome-topped building to the left).
Today, the Park Row Building still exists, although it has been extensively renovated to turn most of the building into apartments. At over 100 years old, it is one of the oldest skyscrapers in the city, and it is the oldest one to have once held the title of the world's tallest building.